A Brief History of Hatchlu Carpets

The Hatchlu rug is a very unique design which is part of the Enssi family of rugs. Enssi is a term used to refer to rugs that are traditionally used as entrance hangings to tents by Turkoman nomads located in Central Asia. Today, Enssi rugs are often associated with the Hatchlu design. The Hatchlu design come in several different variations. However, a similar characteristic are found on all of them. They are divided into four usually symmetrical quadrants, with each quadrant featuring rows of small Y-shaped or "candle-stick" motifs. There are several interpretations of the symbolism of Hatchlu rugs:

  • Some carpet dealers believe that the carpets were hung on entrances to the Turkoman nomads' tents as a welcoming sign to visitors.
  • Some carpet dealers believe that its one-way design has roots in the traditional prayer rug design.
  • Some authorities attribute the foundation of the design to be a reflection on the shape of the tents themselves of living residents, symbolizing security and the home.
  • Some dealers believe that the four quadrants represent the four innermost gardens to Islamic heaven.

Sources and inspiration: Bérinstain, Valérie, et al. L'art du tapis dans le monde (The art of carpets in the world). Paris: Mengès, 1996. Print.; Jerrehian Jr., Aram K.A. Oriental Rug Primer. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1980. Print.; Herbert, Janice Summers. Oriental Rugs, New York: Macmillan, 1982. Print.; Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1980. Print. ; De Moubray, Amicia, and David Black. Carpets for the home, London: Laurence King Publishing, 1999. Print.; Jacobsen, Charles. Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1962. Print.; Bashir, S. (n.d.). Personal interview.; Web site sources and dates of consultation vary (to be confirmed). Without prejudice to official usage.